Bhajana Rahasya

Appendix

Sakepa-arcana-paddhati
(abbreviated manual on deity worship)

Nāma-saṅkīrtana gives all perfection; nonetheless, in one’s devotional life, some activities related to arcana give special benefit.

In the early morning, after taking bath, the sādhaka should sit on an āsana (seat) and face east. While touching the water in the pañca-pātra, he should summon all the tīrthas by chanting the following mantra:

gage ca yamune caiva godāvari sarasvati
narmade sindho kāveri jale ’smin sannidhi kuru

O Gaṅgā, O Yamunā, O Godāvarī, O Sarasvatī, O Narmadā, O Sindhu, O Kāverī, please become present in this water.

He should sprinkle the water on his head, uttering viṣṇuḥ three times, and then perform ācamana. Thereafter he should apply tilaka in twelve places with gopī-candana. The mantras for applying tilaka are as follows:

lalāṭe keśava dhyāyen nārāyaa athodare
vaka-sthale mādhava tu govinda kaṇṭha-kūpake
viṣṇu ca dakie kukau bāhau ca madhusūdanam
trivikrama kandhare tu vāmana vāma-pārśvake
śrīdhara vāma-bāhau tu hṛṣīkeśa ca kandhare
pṛṣṭhe tu padmanābha ca kayāṁ dāmodara nyaset
tat prakṣālana-toya tu vāsudevāya mūrdhani

When one marks the forehead with tilaka, he must remember Keśava. When one marks the lower abdomen, he must remember Nārāyaṇa. For the chest, one should remember Mādhava, and when marking the hollow of the neck one should remember Govinda. Viṣṇu should be remembered while marking the right side of the belly, and Madhusūdana should be remembered when marking the right arm. Trivikrama should be remembered when marking the right shoulder, and Vāmana should be remembered when marking the left side of the belly. Śrīdhara should be remembered while marking the left arm, and Hṛṣīkeśa should be remembered when marking the left shoulder. Padmanābha and Dāmodara should be remembered when marking the back.

First, the sādhaka should worship his guru (guru-pūjā), and meditate on him as follows:

prāta śrīman-navadvīpe dvi-netra dvi-bhuja gurum
varābhaya-prada śāntasmaret tan-nāma-pūrvakam

In the early morning, chant śrī gurudeva’s name while remembering him as being situated in Śrī Navadvīpa or Śrī Vṛndāvanadhāma, and possessing two eyes and two arms. He is the bestower of fearlessness and the embodiment of peacefulness.

At the Yogapīṭha in Śrī Māyāpura, in transcendental Navadvīpa, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu is seated upon a jewelled platform. Śrī Nityānanda Prabhu is seated on His right, and Śrī Gadādhara Paṇḍita on His left. Śrī Advaita Ācārya stands at the front offering prayers with folded hands and Śrīvāsa Paṇḍita stands beside him holding an umbrella. The guru is seated on an altar below them. In this way one should meditate on sitting near śrī gurudeva and worship him by offering sixteen articles while chanting the appropriate mantra for each:

idam āsanam – ai gurudevāya nama

etat pādyam – ai gurudevāya nama

idam arghyam – ai gurudevāya nama

idam ācamanīyam – ai gurudevāya nama

ea madhuparka – ai gurudevāya nama

ida punar ācamanīyam – ai gurudevāya nama

ida snānīyam – ai gurudevāya nama

ida sottarīya-vastram – ai gurudevāya nama

idam ābharaam – ai gurudevāya nama

ea gandha – ai gurudevāya nama

ea dhūpa – ai gurudevāya nama

ea dīpa – ai gurudevāya nama

ida sacandana-pupam – ai gurudevāya nama

ida naivedyam – ai gurudevāya nama

ida pānīya-jalam – ai gurudevāya nama

ida punar ācamanīyam – ai gurudevāya nama

ida tāmbūlam – ai gurudevāya nama

ida sarvam – ai gurudevāya nama

One should then chant the guru-gāyatrī-mantra according to one’s capacity:

ai gurudevāya vidmahe kṛṣṇānandāya
dhīmahi tan no guru pracodayāt

Let us now meditate upon śrī gurudeva, who is always giving pleasure to Rādhā and Kṛṣṇa. Let us try to understand śrī guru. May he inspire and guide us from within.

After that one should offer obeisances to guru:

ajñāna-timirāndhasya ānāñjana-śalākayā
cakur unmīlita yena tasmai śrī-gurave nama

O Gurudeva, you are so merciful. I offer my humble obeisances unto you and am praying from the core of my heart that, with the torchlight of divine knowledge, you open my eyes, which have been blinded by the darkness of ignorance.

Then offer obeisances to the Vaiṣṇavas:

vāñchā-kalpa-tarubhyaś ca kpā-sindhubhya eva ca
patitānāṁ pāvanebhyo vaiṣṇavebhyo namo nama

I offer obeisances unto the Vaiṣṇavas, who are just like wishfulfilling desire trees, who are an ocean of mercy and who deliver the fallen, conditioned souls.

Thereafter one should perform pūjā of Śrī Gaurāṅga, who is comprised of five principles or truths, meditating on Him as follows:

śrīman-mauktikadāma-baddha-cikura susmera-candrānana
śrī-khaṇḍāguru-cāru-citra-vasana srag-divya-bhuṣāñcitam
ntyāveśa-rasānumoda-madhura kandarpa-veśojjvala
caitanya kanaka-dyuti nija-janai sasevyamāna bhaje

I worship Śrī Caitanyadeva, whose hair is intertwined with beautiful garlands of pearls, whose face is splendorous like a radiant moon, whose limbs are smeared with candana and aguru and who, adorned with wonderful clothes, garlands and transcendental, glittering ornaments, dances while absorbed in ecstasies of sweet mellows. His body of golden complexion, being adorned with the ornaments of bhāva, makes Him appear like an enchanting Cupid amidst the presence of His intimate associates.

Śrī Gaura-pūjā:

idam āsana – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

etat pādya – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

idam arghya – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

idam ācamanīya – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ea madhuparka – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida punar ācamanīya – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

idam snānīya – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida sottarīya-vastra klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

idam ābharaa – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ea gandha – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ea dhūpa – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ea dīpa – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida sacandana-pupa – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida sacandana-tulasī-patra – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida naivedya – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida pānīya-jala – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida punar ācamanīya – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida tāmbūla – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida mālya – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

ida sarva – klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya nama

After completing worship of Śrī Gaura, one should chant the gaura-gāyatrī according to one’s capacity:

klīṁ kṛṣṇa-caitanyāya vidmahe viśvambharāya
dhīmahi tan no gaura pracodayāt

Let us try to understand Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya. Let us meditate upon Viśvambhara, who is maintaining the entire universe. May that golden-complexioned Gaura manifest within our hearts and inspire us.

Thereafter one should offer obeisances to Gaurasundara with the following mantra:

ānanda-līlā-maya-vigrahāya
hemābha-divyac-chavi-sundarāya
tasmai mahā-prema-rasa-pradāya
caitanya-candrāya namo namas te

I offer obeisances unto Śrī Caitanya-candra, whose form is the embodiment of blissful, transcendental pastimes, whose golden complexion is divinely beautiful, and who bestows unlimited nectar in the mellows of prema.

One should then perform arcana of Śrī Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa with the consciousness that it is the mercy of śrī guru and Śrī Gaurāṅga. First, one should meditate on Śrī Vṛndāvana:

tato vndāvana dhyāyet paramānanda-vardhanam
kālindī-jala-kallola sagi-māruta-sevitam
nānā-pupa-latābaddhavka-aṇḍaiś ca maṇḍitam
koi-sūrya-samā bhāsavimukta a-taragakai
tan-madhye ratna-khacitasvara-sihāsana mahat

Meditate on a great golden throne studded with jewels within the divine realm of Śrī Vṛndāvana-dhāma. A place of ever-increasing bliss, Vṛndāvana-dhāma is served by breezes that are cooled by the touch of the Yamunā’s waves and decorated with various types of flowers, creepers and trees. Its splendour is like that of millions of suns and it is ever free from the six waves of material nature (namely lust, anger, greed, envy, false ego and illusion).

Hereafter, one should meditate on Śrī Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa, who are sitting on a golden throne inlaid with jewels:

śrī-kṛṣṇa śrī-ghanaśyāmapūrṇānanda-kalevaram
dvibhuja sarva-deveśarādhāligita-vigraham

I meditate on Śrī Kṛṣṇa, whose bluish-black colour resembles that of a fresh raincloud, whose body is full of transcendental bliss, who possesses two arms, who is the Lord of all the demigods and who is embraced by Śrīmatī Rādhikā.

Then, one should offer pūjā to Śrī Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa with sixteen articles:

idam āsana śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

etat pādya śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

idam arghya śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

idam ācamanīyaṁ – śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ea madhuparka śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida punar ācamanīya śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida snānīya śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida sottarīya-vastra śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

idam ābharaa śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ea gandha śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ea dhūpa śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ea dīpa śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida sacandana-puspa śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida sacandana-tulasī-patra śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida naivedya śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida pānīya-jalam – śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida punar ācamanīya śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida tāmbūla śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida mālya śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

ida sarva śrīṁ klīṁ rādhā-kṛṣṇābhyāṁ nama

After the worship, one should chant this yugala-gāyatrī-mantra according to one’s capacity:

klīṁ kṛṣṇāya vidmahe dāmodarāya
dhīmahi tan no kṛṣṇa pracodayāt

Let us try to know the all-attractive Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Let us meditate upon Dāmodara, who is bound by the love of His devotees. May that Kṛṣṇa manifest in our hearts and inspire us.

śrīṁ rādhikāyai vidmahe prema-rūpāyai
dhīmahi tan no rādhā pracodayāt

Let us try to understand Śrīmatī Rādhikā. We meditate upon Her, who is the embodiment of prema. May that Rādhā manifest in our hearts and inspire us.

And then offer obeisances to Śrī Kṛṣṇa:

he kṛṣṇa karuṇā-sindho dīna-bandho jagat-pate
gopeśa gopikā-kānta rādhā-kānta namo ’stu te

I offer my unlimited obeisances unto You, O Kṛṣṇa! You are the ocean of mercy, friend of the fallen, Lord of creation and master of the cowherd community. You are Gopī-kānta, beloved of the gopīs, and above all You are Rādhā-kānta, the beloved of Śrīmatī Rādhikā.

And to Śrī Rādhā:

tapta-kāñcana-gaurāṅgi rādhe vndāvaneśvari
vṛṣabhānu-sute devi praamāmi hari-priye

O Gaurāṅgī, whose complexion is like molten gold! O Rādhā! Queen of Vṛndāvana! O daughter of Vṛṣabhānu Mahārāja! O Devī! O dearmost of Hari, obeisances unto You again and again!

After that, one should chant the kāma-bīja, mūla-mantra and kāma-gāyatrī according to one’s capacity. And then, in the proper order, one should recite padya-pañcaka and vijñapti-pañcaka in a mood of distress.


Padya-pañcaka:

sasāra-sāgarān nātha putra-mitra-ghāṅganāt
goptārau me yuvām eva prapanna-bhaya-bhañjanau

O Śrī Rādha-Kṛṣṇa, You are my protectors from the ocean of material existence, which is characterised by sons, friends, household and land. Therefore You are known as the destroyers of fear for those who are surrendered unto You.

yo ’ha mamāsti yat kiñcid iha loke paratra ca
tat sarva bhavato ’dyaiva caraesu samarpitam

O Your Lordships, myself and whatever little I possess in this world and in the next – all this I now offer unto Your lotus feet.

aham apy aparādhānām ālayas tyakta-sādhana
agatiś ca tato nāthau bhavantau me parā gati

O Your Lordships, I am certainly the abode of many offences and I am completely devoid of any devotional practice. I don’t have any other shelter; therefore, I regard You as my ultimate goal.

tavāsmi rādhikā-nātha karmaṇā manasā girā
kṛṣṇa-kānte tavaivāsmi yuvām eva gatir mama

O Master of Śrīmatī Rādhikā, I am Yours by actions, mind and words. O lover of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, Śrīmatī Rādhikā, I belong to You alone. You both are my only destination.

śaraa vāṁ prapanno ’smi karuṇā-nikarākarau
prasāda kuru dāsya bho mayi duṣṭe ’parādhini

O Śrī Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa, O oceans of mercy, I am taking shelter of You. Although I am fallen and an offender, kindly be pleased with me and make me Your servant.


Vijñapti-pañcaka:

mat-samo nāsti pāpātmā nāparādhī ca kaścana
parihāre ’pi lajjā me ki bruve puruottama

O Puruṣottama, there is no one as sinful and offensive as I am. How can I describe myself? I even feel ashamed to give up my sins.

yuvatīnāṁ yathā yūni yunāṁ ca yuvatau yathā
mano ’bhiramate tadvan mano me ramatāṁ tvayi

Just as the minds of young ladies take pleasure in thinking of young men, and the minds of young men take pleasure in thinking of young women, kindly let my mind take pleasure in You alone.

bhūmau skhalita-pādānāṁ bhūmir evāvalambanam
tvayi jātāparādhānāṁ tvam eva śaraa prabho

Just as the ground is the only support for those whose feet have slipped, so also You alone are the only shelter, even for those who have offended You.

govinda-vallabhe rādhe prārthaye tvām aha sadā
tvadīyam iti jānātu govindo māṁ tvayā saha

O Śrīmatī Rādhikā, dearest of Lord Govinda, this is always my request to You: may You and Govinda consider me to be Yours.

rādhe vndāvanādhīśe karuṇāmta-vāhini
kpayā nija-pādābjadāsyamahya pradīyatām

O Śrīmatī Rādhikā, O queen of Vṛndāvana, You are a flowing river of nectarean compassion. Please be merciful unto me and grant me the service of Your lotus feet.

Thereafter, one should offer the remnants to śrī guru and Vaiṣṇavas:

etat mahā-prasāda nirmālyaśrī-gurave nama

etat pānīya-jalaśrī-gurave nama

etat prasāda-tāmbūlaśrī-gurave nama

etat sarva – sarva-sakhībhyo nama

śrī pauramāsyai nama

sarva vraja-vāsibhyo nama

sarva vaiṣṇavebhyo nama

The mantra for picking tulasī before the pūjā:

tulasy-amta-janmāsi sadā tva keśava-priye
keśavārtha vicinomi varadā bhava śobhane

O Tulasī of effulgent beauty, you have been produced from nectar during the churning of the milk ocean. You are always dear to Lord Keśava. I pick your leaves only for the worship of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. May you bestow upon me the benediction that my worship of Kṛṣṇa will obtain success.

Tulasī-pūjā:

nirmālya-gandha-pupādi-pānīya-jala

idam arghyaśrī-tulasyai nama

Tulasī-mantra:

nirmitā tva purā devair arcitā tva surāsurai
tulasi hara me ’vidyāṁ pūjāṁ ghna namo ’stu te

You came into being long ago, and are worshipped by gods and demons alike. O Tulasī, my obeisance unto you. Kindly dispel my ignorance and accept my worship.

Tulasī-praṇāma:

yā dṛṣṭā nikhilāgha-sagha-śamanī spṛṣtā vapu pāvanī
rogānām abhivanditā nirasanī siktā ’ntaka-trāsinī
pratyāsatti-vidhāyinī bhagavata kṛṣṇasya saropitā
nyastā tac-carae subhakti-phaladā tasyai tulasyai nama

O Tulasī, I offer my respectful obeisances unto you. Simply by seeing you all sins are destroyed. Simply by touching you one’s body is purified. By offering obeisances unto you all diseases are driven away. By offering water unto you the fear of death is dispelled. By planting you one obtains proximity to the Lord. By offering you unto the lotus feet of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, one obtains a special type of devotion, the rare fruit of prema-bhakti.

After offering obeisances to tulasī, one should chant the prescribed number of kṛṣṇa-nāma on tulasī beads with sambandha-jñāna. While chanting the holy name, which is supremely auspicious and the eternal truth, there is no consideration of time, place, purity or impurity. Thereafter, recite the following mantra, accept śrī-kṛṣṇa-caraṇāmṛta and then touch it to the head:

aśea-kleśa-niḥśea kāraa śuddha-bhakti-dam
kṛṣṇa-pādodaka pītvā śirasā dhārayāmy aham

Having drunk the water from the lotus feet of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, which bestows pure bhakti and causes the destruction of unlimited miseries and pains, I take that water on my head.

After that one should chant the following mantra and accept some mahā-prasāda:

rudanti pātakāḥ sarve niśvasanti muhur-muhu
hā hā ktvā palāyanti jagannāthānna-bhakaṇāt

When one simply takes the foodstuffs offered to Jagannātha, all types of sins gasp, and crying out “Alas! Alas!” flee for their lives.

Then, one should offer full prostrated obeisances with the following mantra:

dorbhyāṁ padbhyāṁ ca jānubhyām urasā śirasā dṛśā
manasā vacasā ceti praṇāmo ’ṣṭāṅga īrita

I offer obeisances with eight parts: the arms, the feet, the knees, the chest, the forehead, the mind, vision and speech.

Thus ends the morning duties.

In the evening, one should chant the kāma-bīja, mūla-mantra and kāma-gāyatrī twelve times. One should never eat or drink anything that is not in the mode of goodness and not offered to Śrī Bhagavān.

pathya pūtam anāmayantam āhārya sāttvika vidu
rājasam indriya-preṣṭhatāmasam ārtido ’śuci

Foods in the mode of goodness are wholesome, pure and do not cause pain. Foods in the mode of passion are dear to the senses. Foods in the mode of ignorance are unclean and cause suffering.

One should observe vratas on Śrī Ekādaśī, appearance days of viṣṇu-tattva and so forth, to one’s capacity. One should never fall into bad association. Abandoning such association is the virtuous practice of a Vaiṣṇava.

Thus ends the Saṅkṣepa-arcana-paddhati.