Darśana-Śāstra (Philosophical Treatise)

Talks Regarding the Two Dramas, Śrī Vidagdha-Mādhava and Śrī Lalita-MādhavaŚrī Vidagdha-Mādhava o Śrī Lalita-Mādhava Nāṭaka-Dvaya Sambandhe Vaktavya (Talks Regarding the Two Dramas, Śrī Vidagdha-Mādhava and Śrī Lalita-Mādhava)
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Darśana-Śāstra (Philosophical Treatise) was written by Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura in 1895 for Sajjana-Toṣaṇi, Vol.7. Issue 1. In this short article, Bhaktivinoda discusses the link between the Six Darśanas of India and the philosophies of the Ancient Greeks. He also briefly discusses the origins of Egyptian mummification.

Darśana-Śāstra
(Philosophical Treatise)

by Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura
(translated by Swami B.V. Giri)

The darśanaśāstra was born in India, of this there is no doubt. Although darśana (philosophy) is in fact multifaceted, through deliberation, gross and subtle matters (sthūla-sukṣma viṣaya) have been divided into six categories. In India these six categories are called ṣaḍdarśana. These six darśanas were respected in Greece. Through intensive research, Professor Garbe of Prussia has ascertained that Aristotle was a follower of Gautama’s Nyāya-śāstra, Thales was a follower of Kanāda’s Vaiśeṣikaśāstra, Socrates was a follower of Jaimini’s Mīmāṁsā-śāstra, Plato was a follower of Vyāsa’s Vedānta, Pythagoras was a follower of Kapila’s Sāṅkhya-śāstra, and Xeno was a follower of Pataṅjali’s Yogaśāstra. It will be gradually become known when and under what circumstances all these Greek paṇḍitas came to India for education.

In the Chāndogya Upaniṣad, in the narrative of Prajāpati’s teachings to Indra and Virocana, it is clear that Virocana accepted the gross Mleccha mentality and considered this material body as the ātmā, teaching his students the system of preservation of the material body after death. Apparently, his Egyptian followers taught the practice of mummification in their homeland. In other Mleccha countries, by changing that custom a little, burial has become the general rule. As scientific śāstra develops, all these things will become clearer.

(Darśana-Śāstra  – Philosophical Treatise’  – was first published in Sajjana Toṣaṇi Vol.& Issue 1 in 1895 and translated into English by Swami B.V. Giri)
Talks Regarding the Two Dramas, Śrī Vidagdha-Mādhava and Śrī Lalita-MādhavaŚrī Vidagdha-Mādhava o Śrī Lalita-Mādhava Nāṭaka-Dvaya Sambandhe Vaktavya (Talks Regarding the Two Dramas, Śrī Vidagdha-Mādhava and Śrī Lalita-Mādhava)
Hindu'Hindu'

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Śrī Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī Prabhu

Śrī Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī Prabhu was first published in Sajjana Toṣaṇī, Vol.2 issue 12 in 1885. Before giving a brief biography of Jīva Gosvāmī, Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura discusses the title 'Prabhu' and who should use it. In this biography, the Thakura gives a list of Śrī Jīva's works and mentions his influence on Vallabhācārya.

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Vastu Nirdeśa (Identifying the Supreme Object) was first published in Sajjana Toṣaṇī, Vol.2 issue 6 in 1885. This article is in answer to one gentleman inquiring about the position of Brahman, Paramātmā and Bhagavān, wishing to know the ‘Vedāntic siddhānta.’ In response, Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura gives a detailed answer.

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