Gītā-mālā
(A Garland of Songs)

Chapter Four
Śrī Śrī Rūpānuga-bhajana-darpaṇa
(A Mirror Reflecting the Worship Which Follows Śrīla Rūpa Goswāmī)

Song 20

(1)
kṛṣṇa kṛṣṇa-bhakata-gaṇa    guṇa nāma su-carita
maṇḍana sambandhi taṭasthādi
bhāba jata agaṇana   e rasera uddīpana
hetu boli’ bole rasa-bedi

(2)
mānasa bācika punaḥ  kāyikate tina-guṇa
nāma-kṛṣṇa śrī-rādhā-mādhaba
nṛtya baṁśī-gāna gati  go-dohana go-āhuti
aghoddhāra goṣṭhete tāṇḍaba

(3)
mālyānulepana āra    bāsa bhūṣā ei cāra
prakāra mandana sobhākāra
baṁśī śṛṅga bīṇā raba    gītaśilpa su-saurabha
padāṅka-bhūṣaṇa bādya-swara

(4)
śikhi-puccha gābhī yaṣṭi   beṇu śṛṅga preṣṭha-dṛṣṭi
adri-dhātu nirmālya go-dhūli
bṛndābana tad-aśrīta    gobardhana rabisutā
rāsa ādi jata līlā-sthali

(5)
khaga bhṛṅga mṛga kuñja   tulasikā latā-puñja
karṇikāra kadambādi taru
śrī-kṛṣṇa-sambandhi saba  bṛndābana su-baibhaba
uddīpana kore rasa cāru

(6)
jyotsnā ghana saudaminī     śarat-pūrṇa-niśāmaṇi
gandha-bāha āra khaga-coya
taṭasthākhya uddīpana    rasāswāda-bibhābana
kore saba hoiyā sadoya

 1-6) Those who are wise regarding transcendental mellows describe certain things which stimulate the awakening of limitless ecstatic emotions. These things are called uddipana, and are borne of the relationship between Kṛṣṇa and His devotees. There are six categories of uddipanas known as: 1) guṇa (personal qualities), 2) nāma (holy names), 3) carita (characteristic activities), 4) mandana (bodily adornments), 5) sambandhi (related paraphernalia), and 6) taṭasthā (natural phenomena). 1) guṇa (personal qualities): there are three types of personal qualities which stimulate ecstatic love for Kṛṣṇa – those which are of the body, of the mind, and of the words. 2) nāma (holy names): there are innumerable name-stimulants such as Kṛṣṇa, Śrī Rādhā-Mādhava, etc. 3) carita (characteristic activities): stimulants such as Kṛṣṇa’s ecstatic dancing, flute-playing, singing, mode of walking, method of milking the cows, how he calls His cows personally, His lifting of the Govardhana hill, and His specially wild, frantic dances with the cowherd boys out in the pasture-lands. 4) mandana (bodily adornments): there are four types of bodily adornments by which Kṛṣṇa is beautified — A) flower decorations such as garlands, earrings, crowns, etc. B) substances that are smeared such as ground sandalwood pulp, various oils and perfumes, etc. C) different types of exotic clothing, sashes and scarves, etc. D) ornaments such as ankle-bells, belts, medallions, bangles, armlets, and crowns, made from precious metals and jewels, etc. 5) sambandhī (related paraphernalia): assorted stimulants include the tooting of His flute, the bugling of His buffalo horn, the sound of His lute-playing (vīṇā), the technique of the songs He composes, His creativity of design in arts and crafts, His all-pervading bodily fragrance, His footprints, the sound of His ornaments tinkling, the sound of various other musical instruments He plays, the peacock feathers He wears in His crown or holds in His hand, His cows, His bejeweled walking stick, His collection of flutes made from various materials, assorted buffalo horns, the sight of His dear most friends, the colorful minerals from Govardhana hill which the boys smear on themselves, forest flower garlands, the dust raised from the cows’ hooves, and various places of pastimes that are sheltered in Vṛndāvana such as Govardhana hill, the Yamuna river (who is the Daughter of the Sun), the place of the rasa dance, and many other locations of pastimes, as well as large birds like peacocks and cranes, etc., bumblebees humming His glories, she- and he-deer, forest bowers, tulasī trees, clusters of creepers, bright marigold plants, trees such as the kadamba and others — all these things are the naturally beautiful opulences of the Vṛndāvana forest which stimulate the most beautiful ecstatic mellows. This is due to the direct relationship of all these things with Kṛṣṇa and His eternal pastimes.  6) taṭasthā (natural phenomena): other stimulants include the Vṛndāvana moonlight, the clouds, the lightning of the rainy season, the full moon of the autumn season, the sweetly-scented breeze, and small birds like sparrows and finches, etc. — all these natural opulences together produce a favorable situation just to enable Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa and Their devotees to fully relish the most tasty mellows.