This thirty-two page English letter "The Hindu Idols" written in 1899 was in response to the Christian Tract Society of Calcutta who had previously published an article entitled, "Prof. Max Muller on Durgā", in which Kālī, Durgā and Śiva were slandered from an evangelistic viewpoint. Bhaktivinoda wrote an exhaustive response on the true identity of the personalities in question. He concludes by briefly mentioning Mahāprabhu and discusses the true Christian attitude of universal love, devoid of sectarian dogmatism, and discusses the nature of prema. It is interesting to note that, due to the academic nature of this letter, he signs off as ‘Kedarnatha Vidyavinoda’ rather than Bhaktivinoda. In 1901, he rewrote and summarised the same article for Dawn Magazine and renamed it, ‘On Durga, Siva and Kali in Their Exoteric Aspects: A Criticism on Max Muller’.
This English article "On Durga, Siva and Kali in Their Exoteric Aspects: A Criticism on Max Muller" appeared in three parts in The Dawn, Vol.2. No. 5, 6 and 8, September/October/December, 1901. This was a revised and shorter version of the Ṭhākura’s earlier essay entitled ‘The Hindu Idols’ that he wrote in response to the Anti-Hindu article published in the magazine of the Christian Tract Society in 1899. It would seem that this article was discontinued in The Dawn.