Kalyāṇa Kalpataru (The Desire Tree of Auspiciousness)
Ucchwāsa-kīrtana (Ecstatic Chanting)
Section One – Nama-kīrtana (Chanting of the Holy Names)
bibhābarī śeṣa āloka prabeśa
nidrā chāri’ utho jība
bolo hari hari mukunda murāri
rāma kṛṣṇa hayagrība
This is a song sung by Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura. He’s asking everyone to rise early in the morning. Bibhābarī śeṣa, the night is over. Aloka prebeśa, the glimpses of sunlight are there. Now you get up. Nidrā chāri’ utho jība. Don’t sleep any more. That is way of Vedic life. One should not sleep after sunrise. You must rise before sunrise. That is healthy life also. So, just instantly after rising from the bed, one should chant the holy names of the Lord. Here it is suggested: Bolo Hari Hari – Now we chant Hare Kṛṣṇa mantra.*
nṛsiṁha bāmana śrī-madhusūdana
jaya dāśarathi rāma
Similarly, Nṛsiṁha, Narahari: Half-lion half-man Nṛsiṁhadeva. Vāmana incarnation. Nṛsiṁha, Vāmana, Śrī Madhusūdana. Madhusūdana: There was a demon, Madhu and Kaitabha. They came to swallow up Brahmā after his creation. So they were killed. Therefore Kṛṣṇa’s another name is Madhusūdana. Madhusūdana name is found in Bhagavad-gītā in various places. Madhusūdana means “the enemy of Madhu”. Kṛṣṇa is both friend and enemy. He’s actually friend of everyone, but He becomes enemy-like for one who treats Him like an enemy. He’s nobody’s enemy, but if someone wants to see Him as an enemy, He appears like enemy. That is absolute. So the demons, they want to see Kṛṣṇa as enemy. So, accepting the desire of the demons, He appears before him as enemy, kills him, and gives him liberation. That is absolute pastime of Kṛṣṇa. Madhusūdana. Vrajendra-nandana Śyāma. Actually, God has no name, but His names are selected according to His pastimes. Just like this Madhusūdana name is given to Him because He killed the Madhu demons. Similarly, He is known as Vrajendra-nandana, the son of Vṛndāvana, because He appeared as the son of Vraja’s Yaśodā and Nanda, so Vrajendra-nandana. Śyāma. His bodily hue is black hue, therefore He is called Syamasundara. Pūtanā-ghātana, Kaitabha-śātana, Jaya Dāśarathi Rāma. In connection of His killing of the Rāvaṇa, He is glorified: Jaya. Dāśarathi means His father’s name was Daśaratha, so He’s Dāśarathi. Dāśarathi Rāma. Jaya Dāśarathi Rāma. Dāśarathi Rāma.
jaśodā-dulāla gobinda gopāla
Yaśoda‘-dulāla, Govinda, Gopāla. Yaśoda‘-dulāla means pet son of Mother Yaśodā. Govinda, Gopāla.And He’s cowherd boy. Govinda, giving pleasure to the cows. Vṛndāvana-purandara, the chief of the Vṛndāvana land. He’s the center of attraction for everyone in Vṛndāvana. Gopī-priya-jana, He’s very favorable to the gopīs. Gopī-priya. Rādhikā-ramaṇa, and He’s always enjoying the company of Rādhārāṇī. Therefore His name is Rādhikā-ramaṇa. Bhūvana-sundara-vara. So, He’s attracted so many gopīs. That means He’s attractive to the whole universe. Nobody is more attractive than Kṛṣṇa within this universe, or within anywhere. Therefore He’s called Bhūvana-sundara-vara. Vara means the chief.
brajera rākhala gopa-bṛnda-pāla
Rāvaṇāntakara, Mākhana-taskara. Gopī-jana-vastra-hārī. As Rama, when He appeared as Lord Rāmacandra, He killed Rāvaṇa. Rāvaṇāntakara. Mākhana-taskara. And in Vṛndāvana He is known as the butter-thief. In His childhood pastimes He used to steal butter from the pots of the gopīs. That was His pleasure pastimes. Therefore He’s called Mākhana-taskara, Mākhana-cora. Gopī-vastra-hārī. And He also stole the garments of the gopīs while they were taking bath. This is very confidential. Actually, the gopīs wanted Kṛṣṇa. They prayed to Kātyāyanī-devī, Goddess Kātyāyanī, prayeed to mother Kātyāyanī, because He was attractive to all the girls of His age. So they wanted Kṛṣṇa as husband. So, superficially Kṛṣṇa was of the same age, and how could He be husband for all the gopīs? That is superficial. But He accepted. Because the girls wanted to become wives of Kṛṣṇa, therefore Kṛṣṇa accepted that proposal. In order to show them the mercy, He stole the garments, because the husband can take away the covering of the wife’s bodily garment. Nobody can touch her. So that is the purport. But people do not know, and therefore Kṛṣṇa’s līlā has to be heard from realized soul, or these portions should be avoided. Otherwise we shall misunderstand that Kṛṣṇa tooṇ away the garments and He was woman-hunter. Not like that. He’s Supreme Lord. He fulfills the desire of every devotee. So Kṛṣṇa had no business to see the gopīs naked, but because they wanted to become wife, and He fulfilled their desire. Token. Yes. I’m your husband. I’m taking your garment. Now take your garment and go home. Therefore He is known as Gopī-jana-vastra-hārī. Brajera Rākhala, Gopa-vṛnda-pāla, Citta-hārī, Vaṁśī-dhārī. Brajera Rākhala, the cowherd boys in Vṛndāvana. And Gopa-vṛnda-pāla. His only object was to satisfy the cowherdsmen, including Hid father and uncle. They’re all keeping cows. To please them. So He’s Gopa-vṛnda-pāla. Citta-hārī Vaṁśī-dhārī. And when He’s playing the flute, it taking away the heart of everyone.
Yogīndra-vandana. In spite of Kṛṣṇa’s playing like a samll cowherd boy in Vṛndāvana, just like a village boy making jokes with His friends, but still He’s Yogīndra-vandana. Yogīndra means greatest yogīs, mystics. The meditation, whom are they trying to find out? This Kṛṣṇa. They are trying to find out Kṛṣṇa. But they do not know they’re tryingto find out Kṛṣṇa. They’re thinking something else. So unless they come to the point of concentrating their mind on Kṛṣṇa, their yogic principle or mystic power is baffled. Yoginām api sarveṣāṁ mad-gatenāntarātmanaḥ. The yogī, the first-calls yogī, must keep always Kṛṣṇa within his heart. Thatis perfection of yoga. Therefore He is called Yogīndra-vandana. Śrī Nanda-nandana, Vraja-jana-bhaya-hārī. Although He’s worshiped by the great mystics, still He lives in Vṛndāvana as the son of Nanda Mahārāja. The residents of Vṛndāvana, they feel safe and sound underthe protection of Kṛṣṇa. Navīna-nīrada, Rūpa-manohara, Mohana-vaṁśī-vihārī. Navīna-nīrada. Nīrada means cloud. His complexion is just like a new cloud. New cloud, blackish. Generally black is not considered very beautiful within this material world, but becauase His body’s transcendental, even He’s blackish, He’s the universally attractive: Rūpa-manohara. Mohana-vaṁśī-vihārī. Simply when He stands with His flute, He, even though He’s blackish, He becomes so attractive to everyone.
Yaśoda‘-nandana, Kaṁsa-nisūdana. He is very much celebrated as the son of Mother Yaśodā. He’s the killer of Kaṁsa, and Nikuñja-rāsa-vilāsī. And used to dance rāsa-dance in the nikuñja. Vaṁśī-vaṭa, nikuñja. Kadamba-kānana-rāsa-parāyaṇa. There are many kadamba trees. Kadamba is a kind of flower that is especially grown in Vṛndāvana. Very fragrant and beautiful soild flower, round. So Kadmaba-kānana. He used to enjoy the rāsa dance underneath the tree of this kadamba.
Ānanda-vardhana, Prema-niketana, Phula-śara-yojaka-kāma. So He was exciting the lusty desires of the gopīs and increasing their transcendental bliss: ānanda-vardhana. Prema-niketana. Because He’s the reservoir of all pleasure. The gopīs used to come because He’s the reservoir of all pleasure. Just like if we go to take water from a lake, where there is water. Similarly, if we want actually blissful life, then we should draw it from the reservoir of all pleasure: Kṛṣṇa. Ānanda-vardhana. That pleasure will increase. In the material pleasure it’ll decrease. You cannot enjoy for a long time. It will decrease. But spiritual pleasure, if you want to draw it from the reservoir of all pleasure, Kṛṣṇa, then it will increase. Your pleasure potency will increase and you’ll get more and more pleasure. As you increase your pleasure potency or desire, the supply is also incessant. There’s no limit. Phula-śara-yojaka-kāma. He’s the transcendental Cupid. Cupid, with his bows and arrows, increases the lusty desires of the material world. Similarly, in the spiritual world He’s the supreme Cupid. He was increasing the lusty desires of the gopīs. They used to come there, and both of them, there was no decrease. They were increasing their desire, and Kṛṣṇa was supplying that. Without any material concept of life they were simply dancing, that’s all. Gopāṅgana‘-gaṇa-citta-vinodana. Samasta-guṇa-gaṇa-dhāma. He’s especially attractive for the gopāṅganā. Gopāṅganā means the damsels of Vraja-dhāma. Gopāṅganā-gaṇa-citta-vinodana. They were simply absorbed in Kṛṣṇa’s thought. They were so much become attracted and attached to Kṛṣṇa that they could not give up His existence of His form within the heart for a moment. Citta-vinodana. He captured the hearts of the gopīs. Samasta-guṇa-gaṇa-dhāma. He’s the reservoiur of all transcendental qualities.
nāma-sudhā-rasa gāo kṛṣṇa-jaśa
rākho bacana mana mora
Yamunā-jīvana. Keli-parāyaṇa. Mānasa-candra-cakora. Mānasa-candra-cakora – there’s a bird which is known as cakora. He looks toward the moonshine. Similarly, He was the moon among the gopīs, and they were simply looking after Him. And He’s the life of the river Yamunā. Nāma-sudhā-rasa, gāo kṛṣṇa-jaśa rākho bacana. So Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura is requesting everyone, Now you chant all these different names of the Lord, and sing. Rākho bacana mana. My dear mind, please keep my word. Don’t refuse. Go on chanting all these holy names of Kṛṣṇa.”